The area we now call England was named Britania by the Romans. Introduction England looked very different 1, years ago when the Anglo-Saxons came to our shores. Much of the country was covered in thick oak forests. There were many kings, each one ruling over a different area of England.
Tweet This period was traditionally known as the Dark Ages, mainly because written sources for the early years of Saxon invasion are scarce, but now historians tend not to use the term.
It was a time of war, of the breaking up of Roman Britannia into several separate kingdoms, of religious conversion and, after the s, of continual battles against a new set of invaders: Climate change had an influence on the movement of these new invaders to Britain: Warmer summers meant better crops and a rise in population in the countries of northern Europe.
At the same time melting polar ice caused more flooding in low areas, particularly in what is now Denmark, Holland and Belgium. These people eventually began looking for lands to settle in that were not so likely to flood.
After the departure of the Roman legions, Britain was a defenceless and inviting prospect. A short history of the Anglo-Saxons in Britain Anglo-Saxon mercenaries had for many years fought in the Roman army in Britain, so they were not total strangers to the island.
Their invasions were slow and piecemeal, and began even before the Roman legions departed. There is even evidence to suggest that some were invited to help protect the country from invasion.
When the Roman legions left Britain, the Angles, Saxons, Jutes and Frisians began to arrive in small invading parties at first, but soon in increasing numbers.
Initially they met little firm resistance from the defenceless inhabitants of Britannia. However, the Saxon monk Gildas, writing in the mid-sixth century, talks about a British Christian leader called Ambrosius who rallied the Romano-British against the invaders and won twelve battles.
Later accounts call this leader Arthur. The various Anglo-Saxon groups settled in different areas of the country.
They formed several kingdoms, often changing, and constantly at war with one another. By AD there were seven separate kingdoms, as follows: Kent, settled by the Jutes. This large kingdom stretched over the Midlands. Northumbria, where the monk Bede c.
East Anglia, made up of Angles: The Sutton Hoo ship burial was found in East Anglia see below. Here the famous Battle of Maldon was fought against the Vikings in By AD the seven kingdoms had been consolidated into three large Anglo-Saxon kingdoms: Northumbria, Mercia, and Wessex. The Anglo-Saxons had become a Christian people.
Areas worth examining Poetry Three poems give excellent insights into the Anglo-Saxons: There are several versions of the poem for children, as well as a cartoon film. Rosemary Sutcliff's version is excellent. Sutton Hoo ship burial This burial of an East Anglian king provides a rich case study from which we can draw inferences about kingship, religion, warfare, trade, craftsmanship.The Dark Ages describe the centuries after the end of the Roman rule.
It is a time in history we have less evidence from. It is the time in . Test and improve your knowledge of Introduction to the Dark Ages: Homeschool Curriculum with fun multiple choice exams you can take online with urbanagricultureinitiative.com Anglo-Saxons had no contact whatsoever.
Anglo-Saxon England was early medieval England, existing from the 5th to the 11th century from the end of Roman Britain until the Norman conquest in It consisted of various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms until when it was united as the Kingdom of England by King Æthelstan (r. –).
Test and improve your knowledge of Introduction to the Dark Ages with fun multiple choice exams you can take online with urbanagricultureinitiative.com for Teachers for Anglo-Saxons had no contact whatsoever with. Susan Oosthuizen's The Anglo-Saxon Fenland (published last month by Windgather Press) is a prequel to the geographer Clifford Darby's definitive study of the medieval fen, published in Introduction to The Anglo Saxon Period & Beowulf.
Since the only people who could read or write during the Dark Ages were priests, and since. Beowulf.
has some Christian elements. in it, we assume that the person(s) who wrote the story down was a monk. The Anglo-Saxons believed that “.