The haunting figure delivers the same message every bloody day and every mortar-strewn night: Duringcongressional hearings chaired by Sen. Frank Church and Rep.
See Article History Intelligence, in government and military operations, evaluated information concerning the strength, activities, and probable courses of action of foreign countries or nonstate actors that are usually, though not always, enemies or opponents.
Nature of intelligence Levels of intelligence Intelligence is conducted on three levels: The broadest of these levels is strategic Strategic vs tactical intelligence, which includes information about the capabilities and intentions of foreign countries.
Tactical intelligencesometimes called operational or combat intelligence, is information required by military field commanders. Because of the enormous destructive power of modern weaponry, the decision making of political leaders often must take into account information derived from tactical as well as strategic intelligence; major field commanders may often also need multiple levels of intelligence.
Thus, the distinction between these two levels of intelligence may be vanishing.
Counterintelligence also is concerned with protecting advanced technology, deterring terrorism, and combating international narcotics trafficking. Counterintelligence operations sometimes produce positive intelligence, including information about the intelligence-gathering tools and techniques of other countries and about the kinds of intelligence other countries may be seeking.
In authoritarian and totalitarian states, counterintelligence also encompasses the surveillance of key elites and the repression of dissent.
Governments often direct their intelligence services to perform covert actions to support diplomatic initiatives or to achieve goals that are unattainable by diplomatic means alone. Central Intelligence Agency CIAfor example, organized the overthrow of the government of Guatemala by military coup in and helped to undermine the government of President Salvador Allende —73 of Chile prior to the military coup there in Earlier in the 20th century, the intelligence services of the Soviet Union assassinated exiled political figures such as Leon Trotsky — and supported Marxist-Leninist organizations throughout the world.
Types of intelligence The types of intelligence a country may require are extremely varied. Consequently, intelligence has become a vast industry.
At the beginning of the 21st century it was estimated that the U. The intelligence operations of the Soviet Union were likely of even greater dimensions prior to the dissolution of the country in All other major countries maintain large intelligence bureaucracies.
Political intelligence is at once the most sought-after and the least reliable of the various types of intelligence. Because no one can predict with absolute certainty the effects of the political forces in a foreign country, analysts are reduced to making forecasts of alternatives based on what is known about political trends and patterns.
Concrete data that are helpful in this regard include voting trends, details of party organization and leadership, and information derived from analyses of political documents.
Their work is supplemented by that of the professional intelligence apparatus. The most valuable kinds of military intelligence concern military organization and equipment, procedures and formations, and the number of units and total personnel.
Consequently, intelligence organizations attach great importance to the collection of economic information, including data on trade, finance, natural resources, industrial capacity, and gross national product.
Because of continuous advances in technology, there has been a constant race between new methods of collecting intelligence and new techniques of protecting secret information.
In order to guard against scientific or technological breakthroughs that may give other countries a decisive advantage, intelligence organizations keep abreast of foreign advances in nuclear technology, in the electronic, chemical, and computer sciences, and in many other scientific fields.Jun 29, · Strategic intelligence and tactical planning differ in several ways.
One way of looking at these differences, by way of analogy, is to consider strategic intelligence as the widescreen view and. May 15, · "A ghost is haunting Operation Iraqi Freedom – the ghost of U.S. Army intelligence.
Like Hamlet’s father at Elsinore Castle, the ubiquitous MI specter travels across Iraq in a dusty trench coat, trying to warn the Army.
according to whether the output of the analysis is either tactical or strategic. Tactical intelligence is used in the development of a criminal case that usually is a continuing criminal enterprise, a major multijurisdictional crime, Law Enforcement Intelligence Classifications, Products and Dissemination For examples of strategic.
Fundamentally, strategic business intelligence improves a business process by analyzing a predetermined set of metrics relevant to that process and provides historical context of data.
In addition, strategic intelligence provides the basis for forecasting, goal-setting, and strategic . tactical, operational, and strategic intelligence preparation of the battlefield Ironically, our tactical successes did not prevent our strategic failure and North Vietnam's tactical .
tactical, operational, and strategic intelligence preparation of the battlefield Ironically, our tactical successes did not prevent our strategic failure and North Vietnam's tactical failures did. Jun 29, · Strategic intelligence and tactical planning differ in several ways. One way of looking at these differences, by way of analogy, is to consider strategic intelligence as the widescreen view and. May 15, · "A ghost is haunting Operation Iraqi Freedom – the ghost of U.S. Army intelligence. Like Hamlet’s father at Elsinore Castle, the ubiquitous MI specter travels across Iraq in a dusty trench coat, trying to warn the Army.
Learn how you can apply both strategic and tactical threat intelligence in the ThreatConnect platform to better protect your organization.