Human trafficking in the United States InDerek Ellerman and Katherine Chon founded a non-government organization called Polaris Project to combat human trafficking.
Human Trafficking What is Human Trafficking? Human trafficking, also known as trafficking in persons or modern-day slavery, is a crime that involves compelling or coercing a person to provide labor or services, or to engage in commercial sex acts. The coercion can be subtle or overt, physical or psychological, and may involve the use of violence, threats, lies, or debt bondage.
Exploitation of a minor for commercial sex is human trafficking, regardless of whether any form of force, fraud, or coercion was used.
Human trafficking does not require travel or transportation of the victim across local, state or international borders. There is The history of human trafficking single profile of a trafficking victim. Victims of human trafficking include not only men and women lured into forced labor by the promise of a better life in the United States, but also boys and girls who were born and raised here in California.
Trafficking victims come from diverse backgrounds in terms of race, color, national origin, disability, religion, age, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity, socioeconomic status, education level, and citizenship status, but one characteristic that they usually share is some form of vulnerability.
Trafficking victims are often isolated from their families and social networks and, in some cases, are separated from their country of origin, native language, and culture.
Traffickers exploit these vulnerabilities, promising the victims love, a good job, or a more stable life. Definitions of Human Trafficking California As codified in the California Penal Code, anyone who deprives or violates the personal liberty of another with the intent to obtain forced labor or services, procure or sell the individual for commercial sex, or exploit the individual in obscene matter, is guilty of human trafficking.
However, sex trafficking of juveniles is separately defined as causing, inducing, persuading, or attempting to cause, induce or persuade a minor to engage in a commercial sex act. Forced labor or services include "labor or services that are performed or provided by a person and are obtained or maintained through force, fraud, or coercion, or equivalent conduct that would reasonably overbear the will of the person.
Penal Code Section C Section International Labour Organization ILO The International Labor Organization, a specialized agency of the United Nations, brings together governments, employers and workers representatives of member Statesto set labour standards, develop policies and devise programmes promoting decent work for all women and men.
It refers to situations in which persons are coerced to work through the use of violence or intimidation, or by more subtle means such as manipulated debt, retention of identity papers or threats of denunciation to immigration authorities.
For more information, visit: Human Trafficking in the United States The United States is widely regarded as a destination country for human trafficking. Federal reports estimate that 14, to 17, victims are trafficked into the United States annually.
This does not include the number of victims who are trafficked within the United States each year.
National Human Trafficking Hotline, https: Human Trafficking in California As a diverse cultural center and popular destination for immigrants with multiple international borders, California is one of the largest sites of human trafficking in the United States.
In1, cases of human trafficking were reported in California. Of those cases, 1, were sex trafficking cases, were labor trafficking cases, 46 involved both labor and sex trafficking, and in 86 cases the type of trafficking was not specified.
National Human trafficking Hotline, https: The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of and its subsequent reauthorizations define human trafficking as: Sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such act has not attained 18 years of age; or The recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery.
It is modern day slavery.
Labor trafficking arises in many situations, including domestic servitude, restaurant work, janitorial work, factory work, migrant agricultural work, and construction.
It is often marked by unsanitary and overcrowded living and working conditions, nominal or no pay for work that is done, debt bondage, and document servitude.
It occurs in homes and workplaces, and is often perpetrated by traffickers who are the same cultural origin and ethnicity as the victims, which allows the traffickers to use class hierarchy and cultural power to ensure the compliance of their victims.
Labor traffickers often tell their victims that they will not be believed if they go to the authorities, that they will be deported from the United States, and that they have nowhere to run.
Traffickers teach their victims to trust no one but the traffickers, so victims are often suspicious of genuine offers to help; they often expect that they will have to give something in return. Domestic workers can be U.The United Nations defines human trafficking as the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring, or receipt of persons by improper means (such as force, abduction, fraud, or coercion) for an improper purpose including forced labor or sexual exploitation.
It takes on many forms today. Prostitution and sex trafficking are still the focus of many unresolved women’s and human rights issues. The first wave of the anti-sex trafficking movement in the late 19 th and early 20 th centuries, produced a fairly comprehensive set of laws and policies.
Human trafficking is an ugly fact of our society that is prevalent even today. Many people, especially women and children, are lured with the promise of good jobs and . Combating human trafficking is a daunting task and emergency healthcare providers have a critical role to play.
Medical providers are a frontline of defense for victims - especially providers in an emergency department setting. Victims present here, often with their traffickers, and receive medical attention but not the further help they need.
A short history of human trafficking "In an International Agreement for the Suppression of the “White Slave Traffic” (League of Nations ) was signed in Paris. The agreement aimed to ensure that women and girls are protected against criminal traffic known as the “White Slave Traffic”. This comprehensive review of current literature on human trafficking into and within the United States focuses on surveying what the social science or other literature has found about the issues of identifying and effectively serving trafficking victims.